Accountant Malta


This blog post will go over some common accounting terms, abbreviations, and acronyms to help you connect better with your accountant and be prepared for your next meeting with Accounting Services. We fully understand that some terms might be difficult for you to understand, so have simplified them for you. In any case, our accounting team is here to assist you and guide accordingly so you an have peace of mind.

Accounts Payable (AP): The sum of money a company owes creditors in return for goods/services they have delivered.

Accounts Receivable (AR): The sum of money owed by clients to a business after goods/services have been delivered.

Asset Class: A group of securities that behaves similarly in the marketplace. The three main asset classes are equities/stocks, fixed income/bonds, and cash equivalents/money market instruments.

Assets (Fixed & Current): Current assets are those that will be converted to cash within one year. Fixed assetsare long-term and will likely provide benefits to a company for more than one year, such as a property or machinery.

Balance Sheet (BS): A financial report that summarizes a company’s assets, liabilities and owner or shareholder equity.

Capital (CAP): A financial asset or the value of a financial asset, such as cash or goods.

Cash Flow (CF): The revenue or expense expected to be generated through business activities over a given of time.

Credit (CR): An accounting entry that may either decrease assets or increase liabilities and equity on the company’s balance sheet, depending on the transaction.

Debit (DR): An accounting entry where there is either an increase in assets or a decrease in liabilities on a company’s balance sheet.

Equity & Owner’s Equity (OE): Equity is assets minus liabilities.

Expenses: The fixed, variable, accrued or day-to-day costs that a business may incur through its operations.

Insolvency: A state where a company can no longer meet financial obligations with lenders when their debts come due.

General Ledger (GL): A complete record of the financial transactions of a company.

Trial Balance: A business document in which all ledgers are compiled into debit and credit columns to ensure a company’s bookkeeping system is tallied.

Liabilities: A company’s debts or financial obligations incurred during business operations.

Net Income (NI): A company’s total earnings, also called net profit.

Profit & Loss Statement (P&L): A financial statement that is used to summarize a company’s performance and financial position by reviewing revenues, costs and expenses during a specific time.

Return On Investment (ROI): A measure used to evaluate the financial performance relative to the amount of money that was invested.

Fairwinds Management can help you with all your accounting needs. For more info about our accounting services for your self-employment business or your Malta company please go to: or get in touch with our Director Mr. Conrad Meli on

Charlene Sciberras
Charlene Sciberras